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NPPF Step 2 Sergeant to Inspector Exam Blog 2017 Week 17

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NPPF Step 2 Legal Exam

Police Promotion Exam Sergeant – Inspector 2017

Week 17

Roads Policing Chapter 7

Protection of Drivers and Passengers

Roads Policing Chapter 8

Highways and Safety Measures

Roads Policing Chapter 9

Construction and Use


How time flies! This week sees us going to the Blackstone Roads Policing Syllabus book for the last time until we look at revision.  The three chapters this week are Chapter 7 Protection of Drivers and Passengers, followed by Highways and Safety Measures, with Chapter 9 Construction and Use bringing up the rear.  

The first chapter this week is Chapter 7 Protection of Drivers and Passengers, again, a short chapter, but one full of good areas to test. Start with Seat Belts, lots of figures and ages involved here. The best way to get all this back is to draw it out on a piece of paper, that will really help get the figures and ages firmly planted in your brain. 

The short section on Exemptions talks about ‘some degree’ of exemption, move on, that will not provide sufficient certainty for a question writer. The second half of the chapter is more likely to be tested, but not a great deal so. I would just read it all and move on.

In the section on Speeding, have a good look at the Exemption for Police, Fire, and Ambulance Purposes.  That then brings an important section right home to roost.  It is also worth having a look at the section on the exception by Emergency Service vehicles for Training Purposes. That seems to me to be a gift area for a good  question writer.  

Our second chapter this week is Chapter 8 Highways and Safety Measures, historically a chapter that is often tested.  This chapter has a number of issues that are obviously dangerous, and a piece of legislation that contains one of the best lines in law. It is an offence to allow any filth, dirt, lime or other offensive matter to run or flow onto a highway.  I don’t expect it to come up, but I just love it. 

The same section contains the offence of playing football on a highway, and if I were to write a question about that I would write one about the other part of this offence, ‘or any other game.’ Most young boys know it was King James who made playing football in the street illegal, because people were doing that instead of archery practice, but the 'other game' section does not figure in that particular piece of history. 

I think anything that involves danger is a good possibility to be tested for very obvious reasons, so have a good look at all these. 

Have a look at the section on your Powers to Remove Vehicles from Roads, it applies to a wide range of people, and circumstances. Add it to your list of Police Powers, and then learn off by heart, when I was studying. It is not just about removing vehicles, it is also about moving them within the road too.  I do remember the year I passed there was a question on it and I also remember that I knew the answer. But, that was along time ago, and will have no relevance on your exam.

The section on Off Road Driving links back to a Power to Seize, if accompanied by the use of the vehicle causing alarm, distress or annoyance to members of the public.  There is an exception, but that is conditional for parking the vehicle.  This too was tested in the last Sergeants exam.

Have a look too at the section on Clamping Vehicles on private land. This was a topical area when your exam was written, and is a relatively new bit of law.  Put that together, and you may well find a question in your exam.

The whole section on skips is both easy to test and regularly tested. Take some time to get to know this well.  The last section I would look at this week is the Powers of Fire-Fighters in an Emergency. I can see this as a ‘PC Bloggins, a student officer has just come back from the scene of a fire and she asks you etc etc.... Get to know this area too.           

Now we move on to the last chapter you are going to study in the Roads Policing book, Chapter 9 Construction and Use and it is full of offences that are easy to test. As is often the way this chapter opens with some explanatory information before it goes into the information it is going to test, read them before you move on. Not a topic that was tested much last exam, just the one question.

The section on tyres is a very rich area for a question writer. This is an area where if you don’t understand, or work in, it is difficult to understand so the best way to get a good understanding is to draw the law out on a piece of paper so you can see what each line means. That way you will have a good understanding of exactly what the   legislators mean. Another useful hint would be to talk to a vehicle examiner in your force, and ask them to go through the legislation as it is reproduced in Blackstone’s and show you exactly what each line means. 

When you look at this chapter particularly it shows how important it was to study the first chapter of the Roads Policing where all the definitions are laid out, because they all relate to the different types of vehicle mentioned in Construction and Use.    

The ‘Quitting’ offence here is an interesting one, in that both parts of the driver’s actions must be done or the offence is made out.  i.e. the engine must be stopped AND the brake set.  Miss one or the other and the offence is complete.  

When you look at the section on ‘Lights’ don’t forget there are two ‘lighting up times’ daytime hours and hours of darkness (half an hour before sunrise and half an hour after sunset. The times for the 1989 regs (The period between sunset and sunrise and the period between sunrise and sunset).  They relate to different things, and you need to know which is which.     

I would have a good look too at the section on Testing, which vehicles can be tested, and which are exempt.  I would get to know too the section on Roadside Tests because that is a police power. It is important that you know when the power can be used, and in which circumstances. This is one of those areas where there is a very practical power along with a nice offence, and I can see a good question around a set of circumstances that maybe do not involve an accident but lead you to thinking the power can be used. Make sure you know this section well.   


Some of the law that you are studying is very tedious and difficult, so today’s top tip is about how you to deal with those really big areas of law, that are very hard to read and study. My advice is to break them down into bite sized chunks.  How do you eat an elephant? One bite at a time! 

At this point I get very predictable and dull and issue my standard health warning, I am giving you some suggestions about areas to look at, sadly I know as much about what will be in your exam as you do, and that is why I am very reluctant to suggest you study only banker subjects. I know there are companies out there who boast that they can tell you want is in your exam, and I am here to tell you the only people who know what is in your exam are the team at Harrogate who wrote it, and they are not telling anyone.

I have been helping police officers pass this exam for over 30 years, either from within the job, or on a commercial basis through my company, and that has always been my mantra, study the lot. 

I regularly Tweet about Part 1 offering legal hints and reminders, and you can follow me @ExecutiveGuidance if you would like to. I try to make sure the Tweets reflect the subjects we are looking at each week.  Once again we have had some new followers, so thank you for join us.

We are now well into our programme of study and as of today there are only days to go until your exam.  In fact there are now only 53 days to go.  You will be amazed just how fast those days fly by, so stick with the programme.

Here at Executive Guidance we have been helping Police Officers pass their exams for a long time successfully training both Part 1 and Part 2 of the Promotion Exam, as well as running Crammer weekends for National Investigation exam candidates.

We have already booked the venue for our weekend Crammer Courses for the run up to the exam in October. They are booked to take place on the two weekends immediately before your big day on the 30th September and 1st of October 2017 as well as on the weekend of the 23rd and 24th September 2017. 

If you want to reserve a place please either contact me by e-mail, or give me a call, Use the ‘Contact us’ page on this web-site.    .     

Motivational Quote

This week’s quote is from the great former President of the USA John F Kennedy and he said

If not us, who? If not now, when?"

Let’s make it you, and let’s make it this year. 

See you next week.

Phil Waters

©Executive Guidance Ltd. 2017 

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