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NPPF Step 2 Sergeant to Inspector Week 19 Blog 2016

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NPPF Step 2 Sergeant – Inspector Promotion Exam 2017

Week 19

Crime Chapter 16

Criminal Damage

Crime Chapter 17

Offences Against the Administration of Justice and Public Interest.

Crime Chapter 18

Offences Arising from Immigration, Asylum and People Exploitation.

 

Good news and bad news this week, so we will start with the bad news, last week we studied just the one chapter, but this week we are back to three chapters.  The good news however, is that they are the last three chapters in the Crime syllabus book.

Our chapters this week are as follows. The first chapter is Chapter 16 Criminal Damage, the second chapter is Chapter 17 Offences Against the Administration of Justice and Public Interest, and the last chapter is Chapter 18 Offences Arising from Immigration, Asylum and People Exploitation.     

Let’s make a start looking at Chapter 16 Criminal Damage, this is historically, a much tested area.  It is an Act of Parliament that was written by the same people who wrote the Theft Act, and it uses much the same language as the Theft Act does which makes it easier and more interesting to study. 

Start off by learning the definition and the meaning of each of the words because that will help you as you come up against the other sections within the Act.  All the offences have the ‘simple damage’ offence as their core, and once you understand that, the rest sits round them, making it an easy subject to study. 

It is worth remembering too, that this is an offence that can be racially or religiously aggravated. 

Have a good look at the section about ‘Lawful Excuse’ because that is an easy area to test. Blackstone’s makes the point that it is akin to permission. He damaged that property because ....’

The Aggravated Damage offence is the only one where you can destroy or damage your own property, something you can’t do in the Simple Damage offence.                       

 The next two offences are good examples of where they have the same body, just a different skin around it and that makes learning them easy.  What are the offences called?  One is ‘Having Articles with Intent to Destroy or Damage Property’, the other being ‘Threats to Destroy or Damage Property.’

So as you study this section, learn the two subsections in the middle and put the headings around them and you will know then. You would have to add the intent in to complete the job, but why would someone commit an offence if they just had articles in their possession to destroy or damage property, we all have those sorts of articles but we use them for legitimate reasons. So that is the key to this one, ‘with intent to use it, or cause or permit another to use it.’ 

A good way to remember the Threats to Destroy or Damage Property is to consider there is no reason to make a threat unless you intend someone to believe it is for real, that is a most  important part of the offence, ‘Intending the other to believe the threat.’ 

Take a look at the short section on Graffiti, it is a blight in a lot of towns, and as such worth knowing if only for the sake of topicality, it is never out of the public eye, and tested last time around.

Our second chapter this week is Chapter 17, Offences Against the Administration of Justice, a chapter that has a lot of good areas for a good question writer to enjoy writing from. First up is the offence of Perjury, it is a straight forward offence, the only complicator is the issue of under what circumstances this offence is and is not committed. Spend a little bit of time working through all the different options and get a clear head about where and when.  The rest is straight forward. Most of the other offences in this chapter are what I call Ronseal  offences, they do what it says on the tin.  In other words the heading tells you all you need to know.

That said, it is worth knowing what a ‘Relevant Offence’ is.  This definition applies to both the offences of Assisting Offenders, and Concealing Relevant Offences.  The definition of a Relevant Offence goes back to what was defined as an arrestable offence before the definition changed to take account of the Serious and Organised Crime and Police Act of 2005. That is where the sentence is fixed by law, or where a person of 18 years or more on first conviction may be sentenced to a term of imprisonment of 5 years or more.

The last chapter this week is Chapter 18, Offences Arising from Immigration, Asylum, and People Exploitation. This short chapter was a highly topical chapter at the time your exam was written, so it is well worth taking some time over. I would focus my attention on the People Trafficking section, if I were setting your exam that is a place I would focus on. 

As part of that have a good look at the whole section on Gangmasters, any question about People Exploitation could well be linked in with that.

The chapter and, in fact this book, ends looking at Suspected International Terrorists, and as I have said many times terrorism is a big topic you really must know and know well so give this some attention too.           

Well that is it for the Crime syllabus for this exam, I am Tweeting Part 1 hints and tips from the Crime Syllabus every day for the rest of the week, you can follow me at @ExecutiveGuidance. They are intended to be little memory joggers.  Sometimes they come in two parts because it is very difficult to get a section of law out in 140 characters

TOP TIP

You should by now have two big piles of Index cards with Powers and Definitions on them. Now is the time to carry thyen every where with you, and use every spare second you have learning them.  Don't leave home iwthout them. 

 We are 19 weeks into the programme and that means a lot of water has passed under the bridge since we started, and you now need to re-visit some of those early lessons.  Draw up a study plan, and run it in parallel with your study programme.

At this point I get very predictable and dull and issue my standard health warning, I am giving you some suggestions about areas to look at, sadly I know as much about what will be in your exam as you do, and that is why I am very reluctant to suggest you study only banker subjects. I know there are companies out there who boast that they can tell you want is in your exam, and I am here to tell you the only people who know what is in your exam are the team at Harrogate who wrote it, and they are not telling anyone.

I have been helping police officers pass this exam for over 30 years, either from within the job, or on a commercial basis through my company, and that has always been my mantra, study the lot. 

I regularly Tweet about Part 1 offering legal hints and reminders, and you can follow me @ExecutiveGuidance if you would like to. I try to make sure the Tweets reflect the subjects we are looking at each week.  Once again we have had some new followers, so thank you for join us.

Here at Executive Guidance we have been helping Police Officers pass their exams for a long time successfully training both Part 1 and Part 2 of the Promotion Exam, as well as running Crammer weekends for National Investigation exam candidates.

You are so close now to the end of your programme of study and as of today there are only 40 days to go until your exam.  You will be amazed just how fast those days fly by, so make sure you stick with the programme.

Here at Executive Guidance we have been helping Police Officers pass their exams for a long time successfully training for the Promotion Exam, as well as running Crammer weekends for National Investigation exam candidates.

We have already booked the venue for our weekend Crammer Courses for the run up to the exam in October. They are booked to take place on the two weekends immediately before your big day on the 30th September and 1st of October 2017 as well as on the weekend of the 23rd and 24th September 2017.  

 

If you want to reserve a place please either contact me by e-mail, or give me a call, Use the contact us page on this web-site.     

 

Motivational Quote

This week’s motivational quote is by the ancient Chinese military general, strategist and philosopher Sun Tzu, who is traditionally believed, and who is most likely, to have authored The Art of War, an influential ancient Chinese book on military strategy. He said

Opportunities multiply as they are seized.

We are getting closer to the chance for you to seize your opportunity, don’t waste it.

See you next week.

Phil Waters

©Executive Guidance Ltd. 2017

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