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NPPF Step 2 Constable to Sergeant Exam 2018 Week 16

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NPPF Step 2 Constable to Sergeant Exam 2018

Week 16

Crime Chapter 13

Child Protection

Crime Chapter 14

Theft and Related Offences

Crime Chapter 15

Fraud

 

This week we have we have three chapters from the Crime syllabus book, they are Chapter 13, Child ProtectionChapter 14, Theft and Related Offences, and finally this week Chapter 15, Fraud.

The first chapter this week is Chapter 13 Child Protection, and we should start by taking a good look at the section about Child Abduction.  The two sections ‘Connected with a Child’ and ‘Appropriate Consent’ are both good areas for a question writer to get their teeth into. There are lots of areas that are easy to test in these two sections so get to know them well.  The keynote summarises the section really well. If you don’t read anything else, read that!

Child Cruelty seems to be a subject area that is always topical because we keep on reading about some dreadful cases of Child Cruelty that are reported in news bulletins and newspapers.  As you know I am a strong believer that things that are topical around the time the exam was written could well come up in your exam. If I am honest I don’t think that situation has changed at all which makes Child Cruelty a very important section to really get to know. 

Remember that to commit the Child Cruelty offence you have to be over 15 years of age. (That means has attained the age of 16 years) Add this to your ages chart, the constant reminding will only help you recall those important ages should you need to should you need to. 

The offender also has to have responsibility for the person who is cruelly treated.  Then, it is well worth looking at the list of ways someone can expose a child to cruelty, the list is almost endless, so if you can think of a way a child can be abused that is not on the list I will be surprised. The best way to remember this long list is to think up some circumstances that fits the words in the list.  However, whatever is done, it must be done in a way that is likely to cause unnecessary suffering or injury to health.    

This is another topic too that has significant police powers attached to it and there are well defined roles to go with them, get to know all of it, again, because of its topicality it is a good bet to come up.

Get to know too all your powers under the Children Act, you should know by now just how much importance I place on knowing your Police Powers. Make sure too you know the role of the Designated Officer, I think this is more a Sergeant to Inspector topic, but it is still worth having a look at.   

However, I would not spend too much time looking at the short section at the end of the chapter about Harmful Publications. This is really in relation to Comic type publications (tells stories in pictures) publications that that portray the commission of crimes, acts of violence or cruelty, incidents of a repulsive or horrible nature.  This is not at all topical and if I am honest I am not sure why it is in the syllabus at all, read it and then move on.

Theft and Related Offences, should be bread and butter to all of you. One of the big issues for me about this chapter is that it is one most police officers are so familiar with, they skim read it and move on.  Please don’t! Take your time over this chapter there is a lot of easily tested material in it. Make sure you fully understand Theft, that is a really important building block, and then learn the definitions of each component part because they crop up again and again, in Burglary, Robbery, Going Equipped and so on.

Burglary is an interesting topic area because there are two different offences, and the best way to understand them and the aggravated form of the offence is to think about examples and see which of the three they fit into. One of the real advantages of this is that there are only so many ways you can ask a question about a man entering a building as a trespasser, so your example could come up in the real exam.

I think the whole section on re-programming mobile phones is highly relevant and could provide a really stiff test for you this year so make sure you fully understand it. 

The section on Handling Stolen Goods is complex and difficult to understand.  The best way to do it is to work out a scenario and then to plot the progress of the goods through the various hands of people who are handling them.  Ask two questions, firstly, do these represent the original goods either directly or indirectly.  If the answer to that question is ‘Yes’ then the goods you have in your possession are ‘Stolen Goods’ The second question is, does the person handling them know or believe them to be stolen goods. If the answer to that question is yes too, then the offence is made out. 

Historically the section on Guilty Knowledge in Cases of Handling and Theft has been well tested over the years, it contains dates and time limits with conditions attached, so it is another really good area to test. This is another area where if you can think of an example it will help you place the law around it and it will make the learning process much easier. 

I think the issue of stolen metal could be tested this year, it was prominent in the news about the time your exam was written, and still is, so handling stolen metal could be the question. It could well be built around a Scrap Metal Yard, and could test the whole area of Guilty Knowledge.    

Chapter 14 Fraud is our last chapter this week, and it opens with one offence that has three different ways to commit it.  If I were you, for the sake of your exam, I would consider them as three separate offences. That way you won’t get confused. Provided you know and understand the offences involved you will be able to answer any questions thrown up.

The link between the Theft Act and this legislation is made by the definition of Dishonesty and the link to R v Ghosh. In that second keynote in this chapter there are some important definitions that you should learn.

The offence of Obtaining Services Dishonestly is a good area to write a question around. There are so many different ways a person can commit this offence.  Work up some circumstances and see how they fit. That will help you in trying to work out the different sections of this law.

It is worth noting the comment made by Blackstone’s about the fact that almost any kind of document can be forged, BUT NOT a Bank Note!  This is because they not an Instrument as defined and are subject to another offence, so please don’t get confused. 

Bearing in mind that the M.P.’s expenses scandal hit the press in the last three years, that makes the subject of False Accounting a good one to test. Like the Services Dishonestly offence there are a number of different ways to commit the offence, ‘destroying, defacing, concealing, or falsifying’ I think any self respecting question writer should be able to find a good question there.

The same can be said of the Having Custody or Control of Specific Instruments and Materials. There are so many instruments to which this section applies. It is a very long list that will take some learning so try to group them under broader headings. That will give you a skeleton to build your learning around. You could start making your list under the headings ‘banking’, ‘official’, ‘post office’, and finally ‘investments’ and see what you have left, which gives you the mnemonic BOPI which may or may not help you remember. 

I think all these chapters are important to you in your quest, so take your time, and get to know them really well.

TOP TIP

This week’s top tip picks up on taking time to do some revision as well as looking at new topic areas each week.  It is really important that you don’t forget everything that has gone before. So take out some time each week from now on to re-visit the areas you have already looked at and just put them back into the fore front of your memory too.

At this point I get very predictable and dull and issue my standard health warning, I am giving you some suggestions about areas to look at, sadly I know as much about what will be in your exam as you do, and that is why I am very reluctant to suggest you study only banker subjects. I know there are companies out there who boast that they can tell you want is in your exam, and I am here to tell you the only people who know what is in your exam are the team at Harrogate who wrote it, and they are not telling anyone.

I have been helping police officers pass this exam for over 30 years, either from within the job, or on a commercial basis through my company, and that has always been my mantra, study the lot. 

I regularly Tweet about Part 1 offering legal hints and reminders, and you can follow me @ExecutiveGuidance if you would like to. I try to make sure the Tweets reflect the subjects we are looking at each week.  Once again we have had some new followers, so thank you for join us.

We are now well into our programme of study and as of today there are only 63 days to go until your exam.  You will be amazed just how fast those days fly by, so stick with the programme.

Here at Executive Guidance we have been helping Police Officers pass their exams for a long time successfully training both Part 1 and Part 2 of the Promotion Exam, as well as running Crammer weekends for National Investigation exam candidates.

Our Courses

Our Crammer courses will run from our classrooms down here in Surrey for the two weekends immediately prior to the exam. That means Saturday the 3rd and Sunday 4th March 2018 and Saturday and Sunday the 24th and 25th February 2018.  It really is not too late to make your booking, so follow this link to our Contact Us page a drop me a line.   

   

Motivational Quote

This week’s motivational quote is from the great war time Prime Minister Winston Churchill who made all sorts of excellent statements about a wide variety of topics, this week’s is,

We are still masters of our fate.
We are still captains of our souls.

So let’s steer our ship ever closer to the exam date and a pass in the exam.

 

See you next week.

Phil Waters

©Executive Guidance Ltd. 2017 

 

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